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Male infertility cause: symptoms, risks and available treatment options

Male infertility is a prevalent problem.  Conception is difficult, and even the smallest thing can cause a problem. Fortunately, having female or male fertility doesn’t limit you from having your baby with your spouse. There are procedures and treatments available that may help enhance the likelihood of conception. 

Further, any male fertility cause, when identified early, can help you treat your underlying condition and increase the likelihood of having a baby. So, it is good to visit an expert sexologist in Delhi and start the treatment at the earliest possible time. 

Let’s understand what male infertility is, its symptoms, and the causes for male infertility. 

What is infertility in men?

Infertility is a reproductive system dysfunction that prevents you from impregnating your female spouse. Suppose a man and a female engage in recurrent unprotected intercourse for more than a year, but the female does not conceive. In that case, you, she, or both may be experiencing infertility troubles.

Is conception a simple procedure?

No. conception is a complex process and a variety of factors have an impact. So, this includes: 

  • Males produce healthy sperm, while females produce healthy eggs.
  • Blockage in Fallopian tubes hinders the sperm from approaching the egg.
  • When sperm and egg come into contact, the sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg. 
  • The capacity of a fertilized egg (embryo) for implantation in the uterus
  • Excellent embryo viability.

Furthermore, the embryo should be viable for the pregnancy, and the female’s hormonal system must be conducive to its growth. Infertility may occur when any one of these elements is compromised.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

The main symptom behind any male infertility cause is infertility itself – failure of conception. However, male infertility causes adverse mental and physiological effects of infertility on a couple desiring children is far more challenging. Frequently, having a child remains their only priority. Further, males and females wanting pregnancy often experience sadness, loss, sorrow, inadequacy, and disappointment.

Apart from these, some other symptoms indicate you might be having any male infertility cause. 

  • Sexual function difficulties — for example, ejaculating challenges or ejaculating little semen, trouble maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction) or low sex drive
  • Testicular pain, inflammation, or a lump
  • Abnormal breast enlargement (gynecomastia)
  • Body or face hair loss 
  • Abnormally low sperm count

What Cause Male Infertility?

So, you might have any male infertility cause that hinders your ability to have a baby. Further, there might be either any biological or environmental factor contributing to your male infertility cause. 

Let’s have a look at some possible male infertility causes.

  • A lack of sperm cells can contribute to male infertility cause.
  • The formation of low or poor sperm
  • Sperm that is incapable of remaining viable long enough to fertilize the egg
  • Several medical problems include Diabetes, certain autoimmune disorders, and certain infections. 
  • Certain drugs and dietary supplements
  • Varicoceles: This is a disorder wherein the testicle’s veins are bigger than usual, prompting them to overheat, affecting the form or quantity of your sperm.
  • Cancer Treatment: Chemotherapy, radiation, or testicular removal surgery
  • Unhealthy habits include excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, illicit drug usage, and the use of steroids.
  • Testicular trauma.
  • Hormonal diseases: Hormonal abnormalities affecting the brain or pituitary glands may impair fertility.
  • Tubules that carry sperm have defects.

Some Environmental Causes

  • Exposure to some solvents, insecticides, chemicals, chemical agents, etc., for over an extended time may lead to reduced sperm counts.
  • Exposure to toxic metals. Lead or other heavy metal exposures may potentially be a male infertility cause. Radiation exposure may lower sperm production. However, it often returns to normal after that. Sperm production may be irreversibly impaired with significant exposures to radiation.
  • Sitting for extended amounts of time, wearing restrictive clothes, or operating on a pc or laptop for long durations may also heat the scrotum, reducing sperm production. However, the study is far from definitive.
  • Obesity can be a male cause of infertility. Being overweight can directly affect sperm and generate hormonal changes that decrease male fertility.

Diagnosing The Male Infertility Cause

After diagnosing the male infertility causes, the doctor can recommend the right treatment. Some of the diagnostic processes include:

  • Semen Analysis: At least two semen samples are collected at separate times. The doctor will determine the quality and quantity of semen you create its how uniformity and morphology. 
  • Blood tests: The blood tests will help in assessing the hormonal levels and rule out any other issues.
  • Other tests: The doctor will conduct these tests to discover the cause of sperm problems or health problems affecting men’s reproductive systems to detect the male infertility cause. Imaging tests could evaluate the testicles, scrotum’s structures, and blood vessels.
  • Testicular biopsy: If semen analysis report modest amount of sperm or semen, the doctor will collect specimen from every testicle. The specimen will be examined under a microscope.

How To Treat Male Infertility?


For example, the varicocele is often surgically corrected or treated with an obstruction to the vas deferens. Suppose there seems absence of sperm while ejaculation. Then sperm retrieval is possible either from testicles or epididymis.

Treatment of infections

Antibiotic treatment might be able to treat an infection in the reproductive tract, but it does not always bring back fertility.

Solutions for Sexual issues

Medication or counseling can improve male infertility cause like premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction.

Hormone therapy and medication

Your doctor might prescribe hormone replacement therapy or other medications for infertility cases due to high or low levels of certain hormones or problems with how the body processes hormones.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

ART Treatments involve the acquisition of sperm via normal ejaculation, surgical removal, or donors, depending on your particular situation and preferences. The sperm is then placed in the female reproductive tract or used in IVF or intracytoplasmic injecting of sperm.  

Final Say

No matter what is the male infertility cause, taking the right measures and treatment can help you be a father, or taking preventive measures can keep infertility away. Further, you can always consult a sexologist to understand what activities will hinder your sperm’s quality and what you can do to have good sperm health.


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